From Penn Jillette:
Such a penetrating observation, right? Imagine another inhabited planet. Of course, their laws of physics would be the same as our laws, their mathematics, their chemistry. Even their biology (though of course exact forms might differ). The science would be exactly the same. But if the planet evolved intelligent life, what are the chances that their religion would be the same? Zero. Some of the concepts might be similar but all of the details would be different.
In fact you don't have to imagine another planet, just use ours. Science is the same everywhere, in every country, in every culture, but religion differs widely.